NAME


syslogd -- log systems messages

SYNOPSIS


syslogd [-V] [-a socket] [-d] [-f config_file] [-h] [-l host_list] [-m mark_interval] [-n] [-p log_socket] [-r] [-s domain_list] [--no-klog] [--no-unixaf] [--no-forward]

DESCRIPTION


Syslogd reads and logs messages to the system console, log files, other machines and/or users as specified by its configuration file. The options are as follows:

-V Print version number and exit.

--help Display help information and exit.

-d Enter debug mode. syslogd does not put itself in the background, does not fork and shows debug information.

-a Specify additional sockets from that syslogd has to listen to. This is needed if you are going to let some daemon run within a chroot()'ed environment. You can specify up to 19 additional sockets.

-f, --rcfile=FILE
Specify the pathname of an alternate configuration file; the default is system specific and displayed in the help output.

--rcdir=DIR
Specify the pathname of an alternate configuration directory; the default is system specific and displayed in the help output.

-h, --hop
Enable forwarding remote messages. By default syslogd will not forward messages it receives from remote hosts.

-l A colon-seperated lists of hosts which should be considered local; they are logged by their hostnames instead by their FQDN.

-m, --mark=INTERVAL/fP
Select the number of minutes between ``mark'' messages; the default is 20 minutes. Setting it to 0 disables timestamps.

-n, --no-detach
Suppress backgrounding and detachment of the daemon from its controlling terminal.

-p, --socket=PATH
Specify the pathname of an alternate log socket. The default is systemspecific and displayed in the help output.

-r, --inet
Enable to receive remote messages using an internet domain socket. The default is to not receive any messages from the network. Older version always accepted remote messages.

-s A colon-seperated list of domainnames which should be stripped from the FQDNs of hosts when logging.

--no-klog
Do not listen to the kernel log device. This is only supported on systems which define a kernel log device, on all others this is already the default, and the option will be silently ignored.

--no-unixaf
Do not listen to any unix domain socket. This option overrides -p and -a.

--no-forward
Do not forward any messages. This overrides -h.

Syslogd reads its configuration file when it starts up and whenever it receives a hangup signal. For information on the format of the configuration file, see syslog.conf(5).

Syslogd reads messages from the UNIX domain socket /dev/log, from an Internet domain socket specified in /etc/services, and from the one of the special devices /dev/klog or /proc/kmsg depending on the system (to read kernel messages). In a GNU/Linux system it will not parse the System.map and use it to annotate the kernel messages.

Syslogd creates the file /var/run/syslog.pid, and stores its process id there. This can be used to kill or reconfigure syslogd.

The message sent to syslogd should consist of a single line. The message can contain a priority code, which should be a preceding decimal number in angle braces, for example, '<5.>' This priority code should map into the priorities defined in the include file <sys/syslog.h>.

FILES


/etc/syslog.conf The configuration file. /var/run/syslog.pid The process id of current syslogd. /dev/log Name of the UNIX domain datagram log socket. /dev/klog, /proc/kmsg
The kernel log device.

SEE ALSO


logger(1), syslog(3), services(5), syslog.conf(5)

HISTORY


The syslogd command appeared in 4.3BSD.