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给Linux系统/网络管理员的nmap的29个实用例子

2014-02-12 14:03    评论: 6 收藏: 5    

20. 扫描UDP端口

[root@server1 ~]# nmap -sU 53 server2.tecmint.com

Starting Nmap 4.11 ( http://www.insecure.org/nmap/ ) at 2013-11-11 17:15 EST
Interesting ports on server2.tecmint.com (192.168.0.101):
PORT     STATE SERVICE
53/udp   open  http
8888/udp open  sun-answerbook
MAC Address: 08:00:27:D9:8E:D7 (Cadmus Computer Systems)

Nmap finished: 1 IP address (1 host up) scanned in 0.157 seconds

21. 扫描多个端口

你可以使用“-p”选项来指定多个要扫描的端口。

[root@server1 ~]# nmap -p 80,443 192.168.0.101

Starting Nmap 4.11 ( http://www.insecure.org/nmap/ ) at 2013-11-18 10:56 EST
Interesting ports on server2.tecmint.com (192.168.0.101):
PORT    STATE  SERVICE
80/tcp  open   http
443/tcp closed https
MAC Address: 08:00:27:D9:8E:D7 (Cadmus Computer Systems)

Nmap finished: 1 IP address (1 host up) scanned in 0.190 seconds

22. 扫描网络的端口范围

你也可以使用表达式指定扫描端口的范围。

[root@server1 ~]#  nmap -p 80-160 192.168.0.101

23. 找出主机服务版本号

我们可以使用“-sV”选项找出远程主机上运行的服务及其版本号。

[root@server1 ~]# nmap -sV 192.168.0.101

Starting Nmap 4.11 ( http://www.insecure.org/nmap/ ) at 2013-11-11 17:48 EST
Interesting ports on server2.tecmint.com (192.168.0.101):
Not shown: 1674 closed ports
PORT     STATE SERVICE VERSION
22/tcp   open  ssh     OpenSSH 4.3 (protocol 2.0)
80/tcp   open  http    Apache httpd 2.2.3 ((CentOS))
111/tcp  open  rpcbind  2 (rpc #100000)
957/tcp  open  status   1 (rpc #100024)
3306/tcp open  mysql   MySQL (unauthorized)
8888/tcp open  http    lighttpd 1.4.32
MAC Address: 08:00:27:D9:8E:D7 (Cadmus Computer Systems)

Nmap finished: 1 IP address (1 host up) scanned in 12.624 seconds

24. 使用 TCP ACK (PA) 和 TCP Syn (PS) 扫描远程主机

有时包过滤防火墙阻止了标准ICMPping请求,在这个情况下,我们可以使用TCP ACKTCP Syn方法来扫描远程主机。

[root@server1 ~]# nmap -PS 192.168.0.101

Starting Nmap 4.11 ( http://www.insecure.org/nmap/ ) at 2013-11-11 17:51 EST
Interesting ports on server2.tecmint.com (192.168.0.101):
Not shown: 1674 closed ports
PORT     STATE SERVICE
22/tcp   open  ssh
80/tcp   open  http
111/tcp  open  rpcbind
957/tcp  open  unknown
3306/tcp open  mysql
8888/tcp open  sun-answerbook
MAC Address: 08:00:27:D9:8E:D7 (Cadmus Computer Systems)

Nmap finished: 1 IP address (1 host up) scanned in 0.360 seconds
You have new mail in /var/spool/mail/root

25. 用TCP ACK扫描远程主机的特定端口

[root@server1 ~]# nmap -PA -p 22,80 192.168.0.101

Starting Nmap 4.11 ( http://www.insecure.org/nmap/ ) at 2013-11-11 18:02 EST
Interesting ports on server2.tecmint.com (192.168.0.101):
PORT   STATE SERVICE
22/tcp open  ssh
80/tcp open  http
MAC Address: 08:00:27:D9:8E:D7 (Cadmus Computer Systems)

Nmap finished: 1 IP address (1 host up) scanned in 0.166 seconds
You have new mail in /var/spool/mail/root

26. 用TCP SYN扫描远程主机的特定端口

[root@server1 ~]# nmap -PS -p 22,80 192.168.0.101

Starting Nmap 4.11 ( http://www.insecure.org/nmap/ ) at 2013-11-11 18:08 EST
Interesting ports on server2.tecmint.com (192.168.0.101):
PORT   STATE SERVICE
22/tcp open  ssh
80/tcp open  http
MAC Address: 08:00:27:D9:8E:D7 (Cadmus Computer Systems)

Nmap finished: 1 IP address (1 host up) scanned in 0.165 seconds
You have new mail in /var/spool/mail/root

27. 执行隐秘扫描

[root@server1 ~]# nmap -sS 192.168.0.101

Starting Nmap 4.11 ( http://www.insecure.org/nmap/ ) at 2013-11-11 18:10 EST
Interesting ports on server2.tecmint.com (192.168.0.101):
Not shown: 1674 closed ports
PORT     STATE SERVICE
22/tcp   open  ssh
80/tcp   open  http
111/tcp  open  rpcbind
957/tcp  open  unknown
3306/tcp open  mysql
8888/tcp open  sun-answerbook
MAC Address: 08:00:27:D9:8E:D7 (Cadmus Computer Systems)

Nmap finished: 1 IP address (1 host up) scanned in 0.383 seconds
You have new mail in /var/spool/mail/root

28. 用TCP SYN扫描最常用的端口

[root@server1 ~]# nmap -sT 192.168.0.101

Starting Nmap 4.11 ( http://www.insecure.org/nmap/ ) at 2013-11-11 18:12 EST
Interesting ports on server2.tecmint.com (192.168.0.101):
Not shown: 1674 closed ports
PORT     STATE SERVICE
22/tcp   open  ssh
80/tcp   open  http
111/tcp  open  rpcbind
957/tcp  open  unknown
3306/tcp open  mysql
8888/tcp open  sun-answerbook
MAC Address: 08:00:27:D9:8E:D7 (Cadmus Computer Systems)

Nmap finished: 1 IP address (1 host up) scanned in 0.406 seconds
You have new mail in /var/spool/mail/root

29. 执行tcp空扫描来愚弄防火墙

[root@server1 ~]# nmap -sN 192.168.0.101

Starting Nmap 4.11 ( http://www.insecure.org/nmap/ ) at 2013-11-11 19:01 EST
Interesting ports on server2.tecmint.com (192.168.0.101):
Not shown: 1674 closed ports
PORT     STATE         SERVICE
22/tcp   open|filtered ssh
80/tcp   open|filtered http
111/tcp  open|filtered rpcbind
957/tcp  open|filtered unknown
3306/tcp open|filtered mysql
8888/tcp open|filtered sun-answerbook
MAC Address: 08:00:27:D9:8E:D7 (Cadmus Computer Systems)

Nmap finished: 1 IP address (1 host up) scanned in 1.584 seconds
You have new mail in /var/spool/mail/root

这些就是目前NMAP 的用法,我会写出更有创造性的NMAP的第二部分(译注:原文为 I’ll be coming up more creative options of NMAP in our second part of this serious,这里serious可能为笔误,应该为series)。接着,不要走开也别忘了分享你们有价值的评论。


via: http://www.tecmint.com/nmap-command-examples/

译者:geekpi 校对:wxy

本文由 LCTT 原创翻译,Linux中国 荣誉推出

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最新评论

我也要发表评论

kashu 2014-02-12 15:00 回复
我非常喜欢nmap,极品!
netb2c 2014-02-14 19:41 回复
nmap一个实用的强大的扫描工具。
kyohand 2014-02-18 11:33 回复
常规顶一下
golddragon 2014-03-22 10:26 2 回复
nmap是非常专业的扫描工具,要好好研究
[1]
golddragon 发表于 2014-03-22 10:26 的评论:
nmap是非常专业的扫描工具,要好好研究
linux 2014-03-22 16:09 回复
这是网络安全第一步,都是从扫描开始的。
webcloner 2014-04-08 21:31 回复
入侵网站用这个

原来网站管理员也用这个

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共计翻译: 611 篇 | 共计贡献: 1511
贡献时间:2013-10-25 -> 2017-12-14
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