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在Ubuntu 13.10 下安装支持SSL的Apache

译者: LCTT Luoxcat

| 2013-11-02 20:36      

通过这个简短的教程,让我来指导你如何安装支持SSL的Apache。以下是我的试验机的详细说明:

系统信息

root@ubuntu-unixmen:~# ifconfig
eth0 Link encap:Ethernet HWaddr 08:00:27:b8:b4:87
inet addr:10.1.1.110 Bcast:10.1.1.255 Mask:255.255.255.0
inet6 addr: fe80::a00:27ff:feb8:b487/64 Scope:Link
UP BROADCAST RUNNING MULTICAST MTU:1500 Metric:1
RX packets:1738 errors:0 dropped:0 overruns:0 frame:0
TX packets:69 errors:0 dropped:0 overruns:0 carrier:0
collisions:0 txqueuelen:1000
RX bytes:168845 (168.8 KB) TX bytes:9767 (9.7 KB)

-

root@ubuntu-unixmen:~# cat /etc/issue
Ubuntu 13.10 \n \l

安装apache

运行如下命令:

$ sudo apt-get install apache2 apache2-doc apache2-utils
Reading package lists... Done
Building dependency tree 
Reading state information... Done
The following extra packages will be installed:
apache2-bin apache2-data libapr1 libaprutil1 libaprutil1-dbd-sqlite3 libaprutil1-ldap ssl-cert

apache测试页面

打开浏览器,转到http://你的测试机的IP地址/。你应该会看到类似以下的信息。

 

创建目录

创建一个名为ssl的目录

$ sudo mkdir /etc/apache2/ssl

创建一个自签名凭证

$ sudo openssl req -x509 -nodes -days 365 -newkey rsa:2048 -keyout /etc/apache2/ssl/apache.key -out /etc/apache2/ssl/apache.crt

Generating a 2048 bit RSA private key.......................................................................................+++....................................+++writing new private key to '/etc/apache2/ssl/apache.key'-----You are about to be asked to enter information that will be incorporatedinto your certificate request.What you are about to enter is what is called a Distinguished Name or a DN.There are quite a few fields but you can leave some blankFor some fields there will be a default value,If you enter '.', the field will be left blank.-----Country Name (2 letter code) [AU]:

开启Apache SSL模块

运行以下命令开启ssl模块

$ a2enmod ssl
Considering dependency setenvif for ssl:
Module setenvif already enabled
Considering dependency mime for ssl:
Module mime already enabled
Considering dependency socache_shmcb for ssl:
Enabling module socache_shmcb.
Enabling module ssl

编辑 /etc/apache2/sites-enabled/default-ssl.conf 文件,

ServerAdmin webmaster@localhost
ServerName www.unixmen.com:443

SSLEngine on
SSLCertificateFile /etc/apache2/ssl/apache.crt
SSLCertificateKeyFile /etc/apache2/ssl/apache.key

启用Apache缺省的SSL虚拟主机:

$ a2ensite default-ssl
Enabling site default-ssl.
To activate the new configuration, you need to run:
service apache2 reload

重启Apache:

$ sudo service apache2 restart

测试SSL连接

打开浏览器,转到https://你的测试机IP

 

安装完成,尽情享用!

 

via: http://www.unixmen.com/install-apache-ssl-ubuntu-13-10/

译者:Luoxcat 校对:Caroline

本文由 LCTT 原创翻译,Linux中国 荣誉推出

订阅“Linux 中国”官方小程序来查看


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LCTT 译者
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共计翻译: 35.0 篇 | 共计贡献: 277
贡献时间:2013-10-10 -> 2014-07-14
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